United Nations standards concerning the marketing and commercial quality control of Truffles.
A quality grading system developed using sensory technology and based on chemical signatures (aroma profiles) is proposed to underpin the current truffle grading standards employed by the Australian Truffle Industry.
Black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) is a highly-appreciated fungus that grows below ground during several months, undergoing a series of morphogenetic stages before it is harvested in late autumn or winter. Black truffle production in Spain has been subject to important temporal variation in recent decades.
In Tuber melanosporum cultivation, fruitbody traits are gaining relevance due to their increasing prominence on prices. We investigated the edaphic and temporal patterns of fruitbody traits and characterised the efect of trufe nests (localised peat-based amendment supplemented with T. melanosporum spores) on traits.
Several aspects of the life cycle of the Périgord black truffle have been elucidated only recently, while others remain either controversial or unstudied. In this paper, we present a revised life cycle of this fungus and highlight key aspects that have yet to be addressed or require further understanding.
Truffle (Tuber spp.) cultivation is based on raising mycorrhizal trees in greenhouses that have been inoculated with suspensions of ascospores. The problem with this is that pests, pathogens, and other mycorrhizal fungi can contaminate the trees.