While this list is not a comprehensive list of Tubers, this list contains more common palatable species that are known to be cultivated or used in culinary dishes.

Common Name Genus species (Scientific Name) Description Notes
Black Truffle Tuber melanosporum Tuber melanosporum, called the?black truffle,?P?rigord truffle?or?French black truffle,[1]?is a species of?truffle native to Southern Europe. It is one of the most expensive edible mushrooms in the world.
Summer Truffle Tuber aestivum The?summer truffle?(Tuber aestivum) or?burgundy truffle?(Tuber uncinatum) is a species of?truffle, found in almost all European countries.[1]
Burgundy Truffle Tuber unicinatum The?summer truffle?(Tuber aestivum) or?burgundy truffle?(Tuber uncinatum) is a species of?truffle, found in almost all European countries.
White Truffle Tuber magnutum Tuber magnatum,[1]?the?white truffle?or?trifola d’Alba Madonna?(“Truffle of the White Madonna” in Italian) is a species of?truffle?in the order?Pezizales?and family?Tuberaceae; it is found in southern Europe.
Oregon Black Truffle Leucangium carthusianum Leucangium?is a?genus?of?ascomycete?fungi.[1]?The genus was circumscribed by French mycologist?Lucien Qu?let?in 1883.[2]?Although?classified?in the?Helvellaceae?in the past (e.g., in?Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th edition, 2008),[3]?molecular?analysis indicates it is closely related to the genus?Fischerula?and?Imaia, and therefore must be placed in the?Morchellaceae.[4]?The genus includes two species,?Leucangium ophthalmosporum?Qu?l. (the?type?of the genus) and?L.?carthusianum?(Tul. & C. Tul.) Paol., and both of them produce?sequestrate?ascoma, globose to ellipsoidal?ascus?(inamyloid?and eight-spored), and dark olive-colored to grayish green, smooth, fusiform?ascospores.[5]
Oregon White Truffle Tuber oregonense Tuber oregonense, commonly known as the?Oregon white truffle, is a species of edible?truffle?in the genus?Tuber. Described as new to science in 2010, the North American species is found on the western coast of the United States, from?northern California?to southern?British Columbia?west of the?Cascade Range. A?mycorrhizal?fungus, it grows in a?symbiotic association?with?Douglas fir. It overlaps in distribution with the closely related?T.?gibbosum, but they have different growing seasons:?T.?oregonense?typically appears from October through March, while?T.?gibbosum?grows from January to June. The?fruit bodies?of the fungus are roughly spherical to irregular in shape, and resemble small potatoes up to 5?cm (2?in) in diameter. Inside the truffle is the?gleba, which is initially white before it becomes a marbled?tan?color. The large, often thick-walled, and strongly ornamented?spores?are produced in large spherical?asci. The truffle is highly prized for its taste and aroma. Some individuals have claimed success in cultivating the truffles in?Christmas tree farms.
Oregon Brown Truffle Kalapuya brunnea Kalapuya brunnea?is a species of?truffle?in the?monotypic?fungal?genus?Kalapuya. The truffle occurs only in the?Pacific Northwest?region of the United States, in western?Oregon?and northern?California. Known locally as the?Oregon brown truffle, it was formerly thought to be an undescribed species of?Leucangium?until?molecular?analysis demonstrated that it was distinct from that genus. The truffle is reddish brown with a rough and warty?outer skin, while the interior?spore-producing?gleba?is initially whitish before developing greyish-brown?mottling?as it matures. Mature truffles have an odor resembling garlicky cheese, similar to mature?Camembert. The species has been harvested for culinary purposes in Oregon.
Pecan Truffle Tuber lyonii Also known as the American brown truffle?or the?pecan truffle,[1]?is a species of?truffle?native to North America. The pecan truffle is so named because it is most commonly found in?pecan?orchards, in association with the pecan tree, however the pecan is not its only symbiote. Formerly considered nothing more than a nuisance by pecan farmers, the pecan truffle has been gaining in popularity as an?edible mushroom?in recent years and can fetch over $160 per pound at market.[2]
Chinese Truffle Tuber indicum Considered a threat to Tuber melanosporum, is similar, and referred to as the Asian Black Truffle. Initially found in the forests of Oregon, USA. A RFLP?genetic test has been developed to distinguish the two species.[11]?Externally, they can be distinguished by their skin, which is smoother and dark red or dark brown in the Chinese truffle. Two other similar truffle species are the summer truffle (Tuber aestivum) and the winter truffle (Tuber brumale), whose flesh is of a lighter color.
Bianchetto Truffle Tuber borchii Tuber borchii is an edible truffle with excellent culinary qualities, commonly called bianchetto (whitish truffle). Bianchetto has a size of a pea to an egg and its color ranges from pale yellow to reddish brown. The peridium is smooth or finely pubescent, especially in the gaps. [From Microfora, https://micofora.com/en/growing-tuber-borchii/]
Examples of Less Common Species
Appalachian Truffle Tuber caniliculatum
Mesentericum Truffle Tuber mesentiricum
Gibbosum truffle Tuber gibbosum